A narrow printed circuit board that holds memory chips (RAM chips). The common architecture for desktop computers is the dual in-line memory module (DIMM), which transfers 64 bits at a time. Because of space limitations, laptops use small outline DIMMs (SODIMMs). The modules are keyed with notches in different places so they cannot be inserted into the wrong slots (see below). See RAM
Error Detection and Correction
Most desktop and laptop computers use RAM chips that hold eight bits per byte, while high-end servers and workstations typically have nine bits. The ninth bit is a parity bit for detecting errors. See ECC memory
Upgrading Memory - Read the Manual (RTFM!)
A single DIMM can often be used, but pairs of DIMMs increase performance in machines that support dual channel DDR SDRAM. When upgrading memory, read the motherboard manual to find out which module combinations can be used. See MT/sec
, memory types
, memory card
and Hybrid Memory Cube
DIMMs are used in desktop and servers; laptops use SODIMMs. The notches at the bottom of the modules designate the number of pins. However, the way chips are placed on the module is up to the manufacturer.
DIMM Modules in a Desktop Machine
RIMM (Rambus) and SIMM modules are no longer used. RIMM modules transferred data over 16-bit and 32-bit channels, whereas SIMMs were 32-bit. DIMM modules support 64-bit paths. See RDRAM
To change memory in desktop computers, the cabinet has to be opened. Two of the three DIMM slots on this Mac motherboard are empty.
Laptop Memory (SODIMMs)
To change laptop RAM, a cover plate on the bottom of the unit typically has to be unscrewed.
Two Sticks of Memory
RAM modules are often called "sticks" because they are housed on long, thin circuit boards.