A thin display screen for a computer, tablet, smartphone or TV. The LCD technology is the standard, and the first LCD panels appeared on laptops in the mid-1980s. LCD monitors for desktop computers became available in the mid-1990s and exceeded sales of CRTs by 2003. For TV viewing, LCD/LED and OLED are the competing technologies (OLED is the latest). Plasma TVs are no longer made. See LCD
, plasma display
and flat panel TV
Digital Computer to Digital Display
Although flat panel computer monitors accept digital inputs, entry-level PCs may still have older analog VGA outputs. Going digital all the way creates a sharper image (see flat panel connections
Know Your "Native" Resolution
Flat panel monitors have a precise matrix of rows and columns ("native resolution"). Most monitors have at least 1,080 lines (rows) of resolution to accommodate HD video, but business users and graphics designers often take advantage of 1,440, 1,600, 2,560 and more lines of resolution on premium, large-screen displays. See 4K monitor
and 5K monitor
Although thick by today's standards, this flat panel LCD monitor took less space, energy, glare and emitted radiation than the same-size CRT. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)
Revolutionary in 1999
The SGI 1600SW was the first wide-screen, high-resolution panel for business users. At 1600x1024 pixels, two documents or Web pages could appear side-by-side on a single screen.
Bigger and Bigger
By 2004, this 42" LCD panel from LG was considered huge. Three years later at CES in Las Vegas, Sharp proudly displayed a 108" TV.
Be Aware of Glare
Laptops were first noted for their lack of glare compared to desktop CRTs. By 2003, laptop LCDs emerged with an overlay to enhance colors, and it caused reflection as in this photo. Today, glare runs from a lot to a little.