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Definition: EV charging

(Electric Vehicle charging) Level 1 and Level 2 are home charging systems for EV batteries (see chart below). People charge their cars overnight using home chargers, whereas Level 3 commercial charging stations can charge a battery in as quickly as a half hour. Level 3 is called "DC Fast Charging" (DCFC) and "Tesla Supercharging."

Level 3 - DC Fast Charging
Level 3 chargers supply DC directly and bypass the vehicle's AC-to-DC conversion circuit. However, there is controversy over using only Level 3 charging with claims that it lessens battery life. Time will tell.

Charging times vary because the battery technology from every manufacturer is not identical, and the rate of power delivery in public stations varies. As of 2022, there are roughly 6,000 public fast charging stations to accommodate more than two million all-electric (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) vehicles. Many new stations are expected in order to handle the surge in EV sales. See electric vehicle types.

       (charge to 80% capacity)

 Charger           v = volts
  Level  Venue     p = phase    Time

    1    Home      120v  1p    24-40 hrs.

    2    Home      240v  2p     3-5 hrs.

    3    Public    480v  3p    30-45 mins.