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Definition: neural processing unit

Also called an "intelligent processing unit" (IPU), a neural processing unit (NPU) is designed to accelerate the execution of neural networks, the primary architecture of artificial intelligence (AI) applications. In 2016, Qualcomm introduced its Zeroth Machine Intelligence Platform and Snapdragon Neural Processing Engine that enable mobile devices to run their own neural network models rather than going to the cloud. See TensorFlow, neural network and neuromorphic computing.