A rechargeable battery technology introduced in 1991 that provides greater charge per pound than nickel metal hydride. In 1993, Toshiba introduced the first notebook in the U.S. with a Li-ion battery. Since then, it has become the most popular battery technology for notebooks, cellphones and other handheld devices.
Lithium-ion batteries also power electric vehicles. As of 2022, China has 80% of the lithium ion market with six of the 10 top producers of EV car batteries in the country. See electric vehicle
Shallow Discharges Are Best
Nickel-based batteries require full discharges before recharging to keep the battery healthy. In contrast, lithium-ion batteries thrive on frequent, shallow discharges. See lithium polymer
, lithium iron phosphate
High-Performance Lithium Ion
Using a patented technology, this lithium-ion battery from the early 2000s delivered 183 watt hours per kilogram (Wh/kg) compared to about 115 for standard lithium ion. It added up to 16 hours of extra running time.