Registering an Internet domain name that sounds similar to a widely known company or product. For example, if fancy-shirts.com
were a popular clothing site, a cybersquatter might register FancyShirtsClothing.com
and hope to rank high on a search engine's results page, also by including related words in hidden tags of its Web pages. The site might sell a competitive product or make money from ads (see domain parking
Instead of registering similar-sounding names, cybersquatters might register the common misspellings of popular domain names (see URL hijacking
Anti-Cybersquatting: ACPA and UDRP
In 1999, the U.S. government passed the Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA), which enables trademark holders to obtain civil damages up to $100,000 from cybersquatters. While not directly outlawing cybersquatting, it was an attempt to improve the situation.
Also in 1999, ICANN created the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP) to resolve cybersquatting disputes. If not resolved, trademark holders may still take legal action under ACPA. For more information, visit www.icann.org/en/udrp/udrp.htm. See URL hijacking
, page hijacking