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Definition: industrial robot

A robotic mechanism used in the fabrication of products. The basic component is an "automation cell," which comprises one or more robots, machine tools and the interfaces between them. The cell includes a mechanism to input the material and distribute the output, as well as end of arm tooling (EOAT), which are the devices that grip the part.

Cartesian vs. Articulating Robots
A Cartesian robot's arm operates on two axes (x-y), whereas an articulating robot uses six axes for much greater flexibility. See IP code.