The measurement of the acceptance angle of an optical fiber, which is the maximum angle at which the core of the fiber will take in light that will be contained within the core. Taken from the fiber core axis (center of core), the measurement is the square root of the squared refractive index of the core minus the squared refractive index of the cladding. See critical angle
and fiber optics glossary
The Acceptance Angle
The numerical aperture measures the acceptance angle of a fiber.