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Definition: Chromium


Introduced in 2009, two open source software projects are named Chromium: an operating system and a Web browser. Examples are the Chrome OS in Chromebooks and the underlying engine in Chrome, Edge, Brave and other Web browsers. For more information, visit www.chromium.org. See browser rendering engine.

Chromium Operating System
The Linux-based Chromium OS is geared for Web applications, and its user interface is actually the Chromium browser. Various versions have been introduced with names such as Cherry, Zero, Flow and Vanilla Login. In 2012, software that compiles and installs a build for developers on a USB drive was released. See Chromebook and Cloud Ready.

Chromium Web Browser
An advantage to Chromium-based browsers is that they use the same extensions. For example, if Chrome users like certain add-ons, they can download those same extensions for Edge or Brave.

Browser source code is available for Windows, Mac and Linux in two modules: the user interface and rendering engine. The engine interacts with the user interface and executes the Web page in a sandbox to prevent illegal system calls. If a Web app crashes, Chromium is able to cancel that operation and keep running. See sandbox.