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Definition: ART

(1) Artwork. See electronic art, software art, ASCII art, Internet art and microchip art.

(2) A compressed image format from AOL. AOL browsers default to compressing JPEGs and GIFs into the .ART format to speed up graphics downloading. Internet Explorer can also render ART files.

(3) (Automated Reasoning Tool) A general expert system written in LISP that is used with various AI techniques for different applications.

(4) (Adaptive Reasoning Theory) A theory about how the human brain processes new information without forgetting the past. Developed by Stephen Grossberg and Gail Carpenter in the 1980s, ART explains the stability-plasticity conundrum, whereby people absorb new information without losing what they already know. ART has been used to describe certain neural networks.